Automation: the new frontier
For several years now, Automation has also been establishing itself in the world of telecommunications networks both as a primary feature of some technological evolutions, and as a support tool for increasing efficiency and operational effectiveness by automating manual activities.
Service Providers have been implementing strategies for the automation of network infrastructures for some time, to optimize operations and management. A trend of technological and process evolution that also significantly affects the programming and evolution of infrastructures.
There are different variations of Automation within the organization and network domains of a telco operator, which we can divide into two macro-families. The first is that of automation as a fundamental part of some trends of technological evolution (Telco Cloud, SDN/NFV, Edge Computing, Cloud Computing, etc.), whose reference frameworks provide for programmable interactions between the various functional components that constitute it; the other is that of process automation in which, conversely, the software component is used to model and automate operational processes.
The common feature of the various variations is the possibility of making operations that would not have these characteristics if carried out manually, much faster, replicable, standardized and error-proof.
In particular, in the field of network automation, the need is to be able to use a single platform for the automation of the various domains that constitute it: the IP network domain, the transport network domain and the access network domain. (Fixed and Mobile).
The first benefit is to take advantage of the same modeling properties of configurations on different domains to focus on the design and definition of the service making it independent of the underlying technological complexity.
The second benefit is to act in a coordinated manner with the configurations in the different domains, to enable an end-to-end service or to manage network dynamics related to component malfunctions.
An example is the situation that occurs following the breakdown of a fiber cable which requires coordinated changes on the different network levels, minimizing the disruption.
The third benefit is to standardize the management of IP / optical network domains As part of the convergence between the two technologies.